Some basic Basketball-Terms that you should know:
Airball: An outside shot that misses the basketball hoop, backboard, everything.
Airborne Shooter: An airborne shooter is a player who has released the ball on a try for a goal or has tapped the basketball and has not returned to the floor. The airborne shooter is considered to be in the act of shooting.
Basketball Interference: Occurs when a basketball player touches the basketball or any part of the basketball hoop (including the net) while the ball is on or within either basket.
Blocking: An illegal personal contact which impedes the progress of an opponent with or without the basketball.
Charging: An illegal personal contact caused by pushing or moving into an opponent's torso.
Bonus Free Throw: A bonus free throw is the second free throw awarded for a common foul.
Boundary Lines: Boundary lines of the court consist of end lines and sidelines. The inside of these lines define the inbounds and out-of-bounds areas.
Closely Guarded: A closely guarded situation occurs when a basketball player in control of the basketball in his/her team's frontcour, is continuously guarded by any opponent who is within six feet of the player who is holding or dribbling the ball. The distance shall be measured from the forward foot/feet of the defender to the forward foot/feet of the basketball handler. A closely guarded count shall be terminated when the offensive basketball player in control of the ball gets his/her head and shoulders past the defensive player.
Control: A player is in control of the basketball when he/she is holding or dribbling a live basketball inbounds. There is no player control when, during a jump ball, a jumper catches the basketball prior to the basketball touching the basketball floor or a non-jumper, or during an interrupted dribble. A team is in control of the basketball when a player of the team is in control; while a live basketball is being passed among teammates; and, during an interrupted dribble.
Court Areas: The frontcourt of a team consists of that part of the court between its end line and the nearer edge of the division line, including its basket and the inbounds part of the backboard. The backcourt of a team consists of the rest of the court, including the entire division line and the opponent's basket and inbounds part of the opponent's backboard.
Disqualified Player: A disqualified player is one who is barred from further participation in the basketball game because of having committed his/her fifth foul (personal and technical), two technical fouls or a flagrant foul.
Dribble: A dribble is ball movement caused by a player in control who bats (intentionally strikes the basketball with the hand(s)) or pushes the basketball to the floor once or several times.
Dunking: Dunking or stuffing is the driving, forcing, pushing or attempting to force a basketball through the basketball hoop with the hand(s).
Extra Period: An extra period is the extension of playing time necessary to break a tie score.
Feint: A feint is a movement of the hands, or of the hands and body, intended to deceive an opponent as to whether the intent is to pass, shoot, or dribble; or as to the direction in which a pass is to be made, or a dribble is to be
Foul: A personal foul is a player foul which involves illegal contact with an opponent while the basketball is live, which hinders an opponent from performing normal defensive and offensive movements. A personal foul also includes contact by or on an airborne shooter when the basketball is dead.
Free Throw: A free throw is the opportunity given a player to score one point by an unhindered try for goal from within the free-throw semicircle and behind the free-throw line.
Fumble: A fumble is the accidental loss of player control when the basketball unintentionally drops or slips from a player's grasp.
Goaltending: Occurs when a player touches the basketball during a field-goal try or tap while it is in it downward flight entirely above the basket ring level and has the possibility of entering the basket in flight, or an opponent of the free thrower touches the basketball outside the cylinder during a free-throw attempt.
Guarding: The act of legally placing the body in the path of an offensive opponent. There is no minimum distance required between the guard and opponent.
Held Ball: (1)When opponents have their hands so firmly on the basketball that control cannot be obtained without undue roughness. (2) When an opponent places his/her hand(s) on the basketball and prevents an airborne player from throwing the basketball or releasing it on a try.
Incidental Contact: Contact with an opponent which is permitted and which does not constitute a foul. The mere fact that contact occurs does not constitute a foul. When 10 players are moving rapidly in a limited area, some contact is certain to occur.
Kicking the Basketball: Kicking the basketball is intentionally striking it with any part of the leg or foot.
Multiple Throw: A succession of free throws attempted by the same team.
Pass: Movement of the basketball caused by a player who throws, bats or rolls the basketball to another player.
Pivot: A pivot takes place when a basketball player who is holding the basketball steps once, or more than once, in any direction with the same foot while the other foot, called the pivot foot, is kept at its point of contact with the floor.
Rebounding: An attempt by any basketball player to secure possession of the basketball following a try ot tap for goal. In a rebounding situation there is no player or team control.
Screen: A legal action by a player who, withot causing contact, delays or prevents an opponent from reaching a desired position.
Travelling (Running with the basketball): Moving a foot or feet in any direction in excess of prescribed limits while holding the basketball.
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